Biochemistry and Organic Analytical Chemistry Unit
Pesticide and other organic compound analysis in environmental and biological samples, waste materials and other matrices. Determination of human exposure to pesticides and associated compounds.
Specific chemical analysis:
- organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in air, suspended particulate matter, surface, ground, drinking and waste waters, soil/sediments, vegetation (leaves and coniferous trees), fat tissue, milk and blood;
- triazine pesticides and products of their decomposition in surface, ground, drinking and waste waters, soil and sediments;
- organophosphorus pesticides, urea-herbicides, chlorophenols and other pesticide compounds in surface, ground, drinking and waste waters;
- polychlorinated biphenyls in oil derivatives, waste oils and similar waste materials;
- original compounds and characteristic metabolites in human milk, blood and urine as indicators of human exposure to organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls, organophosphorus and triazine pesticides; chlorophenols and compounds that metabolise into chlorophenols.
Specific enzyme analyses:
- activity of acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase in human blood, and in animal blood and tissue;
- determination of butyrylcholinesterase variants (pseudocholinesterase phenotyping) in human serum; determination of specific inhibition numbers (dibucaine number (DN), fluoride number (FN) and Ro number (RN));
- presence of cholinesterase inhibitors in water.
RESEARCH PROJECTS CURRENTLY UNDER WAY:
Croatian Science Foundation
- Project 4307: Design, synthesis and evaluation of new antidotes in nerve agent and pesticide poisoning – CHOLINESTERASE, Head of Project: Zrinka Kovarik.
- Project 8366: Organic Pollutants in Environment – Markers and Biomarkers of Toxicity – OPENTOX, Head of Project: Davor Želježić.
- Project 7260: Molecular mechanisms underlying the toxicity of antidotes and potential drugs – CellToxTargets, Head of Project: Maja Katalinić
Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts
- Behaviour of New Herbicides in Cornfield near Zagreb, Croatia, Head of Project: Sanja Stipičević
- Cell Response to Exposure to Chlorinated Bispyridinium Compounds, Head of Project: Antonio Zandona
- MONET (MOnitoring NEtwork for determination of POPs in ambient air using the polyurethane foam passive sampler), funded by RECETOX (Research Centre for Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic), Heads of Project: Petra Pribylova (in the Czech Republic) and Snježana Herceg Romanić (in Croatia).